The Early Years Foundation Stage has four themes, each with its own principle:

  • A unique child
  • Positive Relationships
  • Enabling Environment
  • Learning and development

The Early Years Foundation Stage is made up of seven areas of learning and development all connected to each other and all equally important. It is hoped that children will reach the Early Learning Goals by the end of their reception year.

The three prime areas of learning and development are:

  • Personal, social and emotional development
  • Physical development
  • Communication and language

The four specific areas are:

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding of the world
  • Expressive arts and design